Anorectal disease cause great discomfort making one’s life miserable. Bhagandar(fistula in ano) considered under the asthamahagadarogas by Acharyaayurveda. This disease is recurrent in nature which makes its more difficult for treatment. Ksharsutra has been proved as a big revolution in the treatment of fistula-in-ano without complication and recurrence. Apamarga Ksharsutra is effective and safe for management of fistula in ano.
Method: A patient with fistula in ano done partial fistulectomy with khsarsutra insertion under spinal anesthesia then change ksharsutra for every 15th day for 4 months.
Patient had number of complaints of incontinence with mild pain for 2 day after changing ksharsutra.
Bhagandar(fistula in ano) can be treated by Ksharsutra therapy with minimal loss of sphincter muscle and low reoccurrence rate.
Keywords: Bhagandar, Fistula in ano, Ksharasutra, Reoccurrence.
Anal fistula or fistula-in-ano, is a chronic abnormal communication extending from the anorectal lumen to the skin of perineum. Multiple anal fistulae are a chronic complicated condition in which there is more than one external opening. According to Ayurveda is known as shataponak bhagandara a type of vataj bhagandara. Multiple fistulae is a complicated condition usually occur in poor socio economical and immune compromised patients.
Multiple anal fistulae characterized by multiple perianal openings known as external fistular opening with serosanguinous or purulant or faecal discharge with pain, pruritus and discomfort. It is very difficult to treat this condition according to modern surgery and Ayurveda as well. According modern surgery treatment of multiple anal fistulae is fistulotomy or fistulectomy or excision of unhealthy granulation tissue which is painful and with complications like delayed healing and recurrence. And according to Ayurveda ksharsutra is minimal invasive procedure for fistula-in-ano. But for multiple anal fistulae is time taking treatment.
Ksharsutra is a medicated thread or an Ayurvedic set on having simultaneous cutting and healing property made for management of nadivrana (sinus) and bhagandara (fistula in ano). Insertion of Ksharsutra is minimal invasive procedure with better healing, less painful and low recurrence rate.
Material and Methods
It is prepared by repeated smearing on a 20 zero Barber’s surgical linen thread of the
-Apamargakshar (alkali of Achyranthesasopera plant)
-Snuhikshir(latex of Euphoria nerifolia )
-Haridrapowder (curcuma longa )
Ksharsutra material possess antiseptic, caustic, protiolytic properties and promotes simultaneous cutting and healing.
Aim and objective of case study
To study the clinical efficacy of Ksharsutra insertion with partial fistulectomy in management shataponak bhagandara i.e. multiple fistulae in ano.
Type of study
Case report observational study
Ayurved and General hospital, Nigdi.
College of Ayurveda and Research Center
26 year old male patient was brought out to surgery OPD.
-multiple perianal opening
-purulent discharge through perianal opening
26 year old male patient was brought to surgery OPD with multiple perianal opening since 3 months, purulent discharge through perianal opening since 2 &1/2 month, pruritis and pain since 20 days. Patient first approached to allopathic hospital but he was not ready to undergo surgery. Hence he approached to Ayurved and General hospital for Ayurvedic treatment.
All vitals were within normal limits and patient haemodynamically stable.
Inspection- two perianal openings in right side and left side with purulent discharge
Palpation- Tenderness and indurations around perianal opening.
Internal opening felt as a dimple at 6’O clock
No any other abnormality was observed.
Two perianal opening in right side and left side with purulent discharge with internal openings at 6’O clock position.
Shataponak bhagandara (multiple fistulae in ano)
As patient denied for surgery and were anxious to go for Ayurved treatment. It was decided to plan Ksharsutra insertion but patient had multiple perianal intercommunicating openings hence partial fistulectomy and excision of intercommunicating tracks was done.
All routine investigations done prior to surgery.
Partial fistulectomy along with ksharsutra insertion done under spinal anesthesia.
Unhealthy granulation tissue and slough excised and debride out.
Cleaning and dressing done.
Post operative care
Daily sitz bath.
Post operative analgesics, antibiotics for 5 days.
Change of Ksharsutra every 15th day.
Probe test from external opening Insertion of ksharsutra
Observation and Results
The efficacy of therapy was assessed during daily follow up for 15 days and then weekly for 4 months. Finally partial fistlulectomy wound healed with minimal scaring within 8 days and fistular track healed within 4 months with minimal complication like mild pain and discomfort.
Ksharsutra insertion with partial fistulectomy shows better results in management shatapona kbhagandara i.e. multiple fistulae in ano. Hence it is minimum invasive procedure for multiple fistulae in anol with minimum complications and low recurrence rate.
*Student, M.S. Shalyatantra.
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